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Portrait, Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

32nd President of the United States
(March 4, 1933 to April 12, 1945)

Nickname: "FDR"

Born: January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York
Died: April 12, 1945, in Warm Springs, Georgia

Father: James Roosevelt
Mother: Sara Delano Roosevelt
Married: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962), on March 17, 1905
Children: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1906-75); James Roosevelt (1907-91); Elliott Roosevelt (1910-90); Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (1914-88); John Aspinwall Roosevelt (1916-81)

Religion: Episcopalian
Education: Graduated from Harvard College (1903); Attended Columbia Law School
Occupation: Public official, lawyer
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:

  • Member of New York State Legislature, 1911-13
  • Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1913-20
  • Governor of New York, 1929-33

Presidential Salary: $75,000/year

Presidential Election Results:
Year Popular Votes Electoral Votes
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt 22,809,638 472
tiny U.S. flag Herbert C. Hoover 15,758,901 59
1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt 27,752,869 523
Alfred M. Landon 16,674,665 8
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt 27,307,819 449
Wendell L. Willkie 22,321,018 82
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt 25,606,585 432
Thomas E. Dewey 22,014,745 99

Vice President: John N. Garner (1933-41); Henry A. Wallace (1941-45); tiny U.S. flag Harry S. Truman (1945)


Secretary of State
Cordell Hull (1933-44)
Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1944-45)
Secretary of the Treasury
William H. Woodin (1933-34)
Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1934-45)
Secretary of War
George H. Dern (1933-36)
Harry H. Woodring (1937-40)
Henry L. Stimson (1940-45)
Attorney General
Homer S. Cummings (1933-39)
Frank Murphy (1939-40)
Robert H. Jackson (1940-41)
Francis B. Biddle (1941-45)
Postmaster General
James A. Farley (1933-40)
Frank C. Walker (1940-45)
Secretary of the Navy
Claude A. Swanson (1933-39)
Charles Edison (1940)
Frank Knox (1940-44)
James V. Forrestal (1944-45)
Secretary of the Interior
Harold L. Ickes (1933-45)
Secretary of Agriculture
Henry A. Wallace (1933-40)
Claude R. Wickard (1940-45)
Secretary of Commerce
Daniel C. Roper (1933-38)
Harry L. Hopkins (1939-40)
Jesse H. Jones (1940-45)
Henry A. Wallace (1945)
Secretary of Labor
Frances Perkins (1933-1945)

Supreme Court Appointments:

Chief Justice
Harlan Fiske Stone (1941-46)
Associate Justice
Hugo Lafayette Black (1937-71)
Stanley Forman Reed (1938-57)
Felix Frankfurter (1939-62)
William Orville Douglas (1939-75)
Frank Murphy (1940-49)
James Francis Byrnes (1941-42)
Robert Houghwout Jackson (1941-54)
Wiley Blount Rutledge (1943-49)

Notable Events:

  • 1933-1939
    • Initiation of economic relief programs known as the "New Deal".
  • 1939-1945
    • World War II

Internet Biographies:

Franklin D. Roosevelt -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
Franklin D. Roosevelt -- from American Presidents: Life Portraits -- C-SPAN
Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN's 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt -- from The American President
From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
Franklin D. Roosevelt -- from the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum
A biography written by the staff of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library.
Franklin D. Roosevelt -- from Character Above All
From a PBS broadcast by the same name, this essay excerpt by Doris Kearns Goodwin discusses some of the issues and events that molded Roosevelt.

Historical Documents:

First Inaugural Address (1933)
Second Inaugural Address (1937)
Third Inaugural Address (1941)
Fourth Inaugural Address (1945)
Fireside Chats (1933-44)
Four Freedom's Speech (1941)
Atlantic Charter (1941)
Declaration of War on Japan (1941)
Declaration of War on Germany, Japan, and Italy
Statement on North African Policy (1942)
Yalta Conference Agreements (1945)

Media Resources:

From his 1941 inaugural address where he speaks of an enduring democracy: "Put away many evil things..." (1:10)
MP3 (552K)
From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.
"Americanism" from the 1920 election campaign
From the Library of Congress Voices of the Presidential Election of 1920.
Audio & Video
The American Presidency Projects's Presidential Audio/Video Archive for Franklin D. Roosevelt site

Other Internet Resources:

Exhibitions: 1934: A New Deal for Artists--from Smithsonian American Art Museum
An online exhibit of artworks created for the Public Works of Art Program created by President Roosevelt. Includes information about the "New Deal" and the arts program, in addition to images and links.
FDR Cartoons
"This site contains political cartoons from the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt. This preservation project is a cooperative venture of the AP Computer Math class and the AP United States History classes at Niskayuna High School."
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum
Tourist information along with history, genealogy, and documents of the former president. Located in Hyde Park, New York.
Frankilin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
Located in Washington, D.C., This site had tourist information, insight into the design of the memorial, and the text of the inscriptions throughout the memorial.
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site
Tourist information on Roosevelt's Hyde Park, New York birthplace and boyhood home. Includes information about FDR and links to other Roosevelt tourist spots.
Roosevelt Campobello International Park
Located in New Brunswick, Canada, this international park is maintained equally by the U.S. and Canada. Roosevelt vacationed here often, fishing, hiking and sailing. Visitor information is available.
USS Potomac - The Presidential Yacht Potomac
Tourist information on FDR's "Floating White House," which is now located in Oakland, California.

Points of Interest:

Previous President: tiny U.S. flag Herbert Clark Hoover | Next President: tiny U.S. flag Harry S. Truman

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